Nitrogen (N) donors in SiC are partially deactivated either by Si+-/N+-co-implantation or by irradiation with electrons of 200 keV energy and subsequent annealing at temperatures above 1450°C; simultaneously the compensation is decreased. The free electron concentration and the formation of energetically deep defects in the processed samples are determined by Hall effect and deep level transient spectroscopy. A detailed theoretical treatment based on the density functional theory is conducted; it takes into account the kinetic mechanisms for the formation of N interstitial clusters and (N-vacancy)-complexes. This analysis clearly indicates that the (NC)4-VSi complex, which is thermally stable up to high temperatures and which has no level in the band gap of 4HSiC, is responsible for the N donor deactivation.
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