>Determination of the transport properties in 4H-SiC wafers by Raman scattering measurement*
The free carrier density and mobility in n-type 4H-SiC substrates and epilayers were determined by accurately analysing the frequency shift and the full-shape of the longitudinal optic phonon—plasmon coupled (LOPC) modes, and compared with those determined by Hall-effect measurement and that provided by the vendors. The transport properties of thick and thin 4H-SiC epilayers grown in both vertical and horizontal reactors were also studied. The free carrier density ranges between 2×1018 cm−3 and 8×1018 cm−3 with a carrier mobility of 30–55 cm2/(Vs) for n-type 4H-SiC substrates and 1× 1016−3×1016 cm−3 with mobility of 290–490 cm2/(Vs) for both thick and thin 4H-SiC epilayers grown in a horizontal reactor, while thick 4H-SiC epilayers grown in vertical reactor have a slightly higher carrier concentration of around 8.1×1016 cm−3 with mobility of 380 cm2/(Vs). It was shown that Raman spectroscopy is a potential technique for determining the transport properties of 4H-SiC wafers with the advantage of being able to probe very small volumes and also being non-destructive. This is especially useful for future mass production of 4H-SiC epi-wafers.
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