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Investigation of structural defects in In doped CdZnTe under different in situ annealing cooling rates




The In-Doped Cd0.9Zn0.1Te crystal was grown by the MVB and treated with 6 different cooling rates (10–60 K/h).

The evolution mechanism of the structure defects under different rates has been investigated.

Related optical and electric properties with the structure defects were studied in detail.

30~40K/h exhibited the best performance with low concentration of structure defects.


The In-doped Cd0.9Zn0.1Te (CZT) crystals were grown by the modified Vertical Bridgeman method and treated by in-situ annealing with six different cooling rates. Photo-Induced Transient Spectroscopy (PICTS) and IR microscopy were employed to investigate the evolution mechanism of point defects and bulk defects (mainly Te inclusions) in the CZT crystals with different cooling rates. Related optical and electrical properties were investigated by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer (FTIR) and IV measurements. The results indicated that cooling at slow rate (10–20 K/h) could decrease the concentration of point defects, such as A center, Cd vacancy View the MathML source, Te antisite View the MathML source and so on, while the Te inclusions are of larger dimension and lower concentration. Otherwise, the faster cooling rate (50–60 K/h), the higher concentration of these point defects, and Te inclusion present small size but much larger concentration. Moreover, cooling too fast or too slow significantly degrades the optical and electrical properties. When cooled at 30–40 K/h, the concentration of internal point defects is the lowest, suggesting that View the MathML source compensated with View the MathML source to reach a new equilibrium corresponding to the theory of quasichemical defect reactions (QCDR). In addition, a certain concentration of View the MathML source was beneficial to pin the Fermi-level, and the Te inclusions presented lowest total volume fraction, which made the crystals perform great with higher resistivity and infrared transmittance.


  • B2. CdZnTe
  • A1. Structure defects
  • A2. In-situ annealing
  • A1. Cooling rate
  • A1. PICTS


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