>Magnetism modulation in Cu-doped AlN via coupling between AlN thin film and ferroelectric substrate
Magnetism modulation is found in Cu-doped AlN on ferroelectric substrate.
AMM increased with decreasing of the angle between film plane and c-axes of substrate.
Magnetism modulation is ascribed to the coupling between AlN film and ferroelectric substrate.
In-plane anisotropy of AMM and annealing relaxation justified the coupling.
Cu-doped AlN (Cu:AlN) thin films were deposited on non-ferroelectric substrate (Si (1 1 1)) and ferroelectric substrates (LiTaO3 and LiNbO3) by direct current reactive magnetron sputtering. It was discovered that all the deposited Cu:AlN thin films showed room temperature ferromagnetism and the average magnetic moment (AMM) per Cu atom of the film increased with the decrease of the angle (θ) between AlN film plane and the c-axis of ferroelectric substrate. A giant AMM as high as 2.23 μB/Cu was obtained when Cu:AlN thin film was deposited on LiTaO3(110) with θ of 0 degree, while a small AMM of about 0.11 μB/Cu was observed when Cu:AlN thin film was deposited on LiNbO3 (0 0 6) with θ of 90°. It was discovered that the AMM of the film increased with decreasing of θ. The ferromagnetism modulation was ascribed to the coupling between AlN piezoelectric film and ferroelectric substrate, resulting from the change of host lattice structure and spontaneous polarization of AlN thin film. The in-plane anisotropy of AMM and the annealing relaxation results confirmed the anomalous coupling.
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